Tuberculosis (TB) has emerged as the single leading cause of death, from any infectious agent, and has continued to be a major public health problem all over the world. Of over 14 million cases worldwide reported by the world health organization (WHO) in 2008, Nigeria, ranked the fifth in terms of incidence. Attempt to deal with the problem of disease led to the development of directly observed treatment short course (DOTS) by WHO in 1995. In Nigeria DOTS has been implemented in all the states and local government areas in the country and, 3000 DOTS centers have been operating across the country since 2006 TB typically affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body, including the kidney, spine and brain. Individuals with active TB disease however, are sick and may also be able to transmit the bacteria to others.
Tuberculosis is caused by a type of bacterium called "Mycobacterium tuberculosis". It spreads when a person with TB disease in their lungs, coughs or sneezes and someone else inhales the droplets, which contain TB bacteria.
Although the body can harbour the bacteria that causes tuberculosis, the immune system usually can prevent one from becoming sick. For reasons, doctors made a distinction between: Active TB and Latent TB
- Spinal pain
- Joint damage
- Swelling of membrane that covers the brain
- Liver or kidney problems
- Heart disorder
National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Training Center was established to provide patients infected with Tuberculosis the best possible care.
National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Training Center was established to educate staff and the general public about Tuberculosis and how to stay safe from been infected.
National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Training Center was established to carry out research on how to stop the spread of TB.
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